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@We are exposed to various kinds of Multi-hazards due to natural disasters, terrorist attacks and epidemic outbreaks. In any of these crises, national and local governments have to implement emergency response and management effectively. Since Hanshin Awaji Great Earthquake, GIS was recognized as a powerful tool for disaster reduction and many GIS systems have been introduced by local governments. These systems are tools for estimating damage, and GIS is still not well implemented related to consequences of management. The research will next address how we can apply information technology on-site.
[ Exploratory Research: Haruo Hayashi, Principle Researcher ] (FY2006 - FY2007)
@This study intends to develop a generic framework for major crisis management with special focus on those incidents with biological and chemical hazards. This framework consists of two components: knowing hazards well and implementing effective incidents management. As an outcome of this research, we will develop a GIS - based decision support system for crisis management which could be applicable for any kinds of crisis. We also develop a knowledge - base for crisis management in case of both biological hazards (such as Amtrak and Chicken pox) as well as chemical hazards (such as Sarin and VX).